There are a few ways to install Node.js, but it looks like only one way gives you the best experience for long term. Please find a few tips below how could you setup Yarn as well.

On Mac

The best way to install Node.js on Mac is nvm.

You have to have the Command Line Tools on your Mac. Either you install the full XCode from App Store or just use the small Command Line Tools installer:

$ xcode-select --install

(If you’ve just installed XCode, don’t forget to launch it first and accepting the Terms and Conditions.)

You can use the install script for nvm installation.

$ curl -o- | bash

However, I would encourage you to use the manual installation process. Nothing special there. Firstly, you just clone the whole repo in a subfolder in your home directory. (~/.nvm) Secondly, you add two extra lines to your console script (to ~/.zshrc or ~/.bashrc).

Please follow these steps as described in nvm’s Readme:

You have to relaunch your Terminals. Maybe you have to log out and log back to activate the new settings.

List your installed node versions:

$ nvm list

List the available node versions in the cloud:

$ nvm ls-remote

You can use the combination of this two commands to see only the last 9 lines from the huge list of versions:

$ nvm ls-remote | tail -n9

It is safe if you choose one of the most recent LTS (long time support) version and install it with the following command:

$ nvm install 14.4.1

Setup this version as the default.

$ nvm use 14.4.1
$ nvm alias default 14.4.1

Check your node version with

$ node -v

You should see v14.4.1 if you installed the above version.

You can update your npm to the latest.

$ npm install -g npm

After the update, the npm version, npm -v, should be at least 6.14.5 or above.

A little extra tip. Remember for the following command because it simplifies the update process. ;)

Let’s say, you would like to stay on the stable, LTS version and you would like to keep all the global package what you’ve already installed. Here is the solution:

$ nvm install 12 --reinstall-packages-from=12 --latest-npm

It updates your Node.js version to the latest version 12 and install the latest npm, plus it setup all your previously installed global packages.

Alternatives for installing Node.js, but not suggested:

Advanced tips for setting up yarn

I use the following steps to keep yarn up to date and use only yarn global installer instead of npm, so if a Node.js package is installed globally there won’t be any surprise and version mismatch in the future.

First of all check out that your yarn default global binary folder is part of the standard $PATH. Usually we don’t have to do anything here, because it should be /usr/local/bin and it is part of our standard $PATH list.

$ yarn global bin
$ env | grep PATH

You can create a shortcut alias for calling yarn command only with y in your terminal. Aliases should be placed in your ~/.zshrc or ~/.bashrc.

alias y="yarn"

Now, here is the trick. Install yarn using npm, after install yarn using yarn, remove yarn from global npm folder.

$ npm i -g yarn
$ yarn global add yarn
$ npm rm -g yarn

You can also install npm with yarn and remove the original npm. In this case you have only one global copy of yarn and npm.

$ yarn global add npm

(If you really wanna be sure that the yarn installed npm is gonna work, you can just rename the old npm command to something random and check with witch npm that your terminal still can see an npm command.)

Now, you can safely ask npm to remove itself from the original node folder.

$ npm rm -g npm

Advantage of this process, that all your globally installed Node package stays in yarn’s folder so if you upgrade your Node.js with nvm, you don’t have to reinstall them again.

For example install Prettier with yarn.

$ yarn global add prettier

Check how many global packages are installed in npm folder and in yarn.

$ yarn global list
$ npm ls -g --depth=0

Yarn should list npm, yarn, prettier, etc… The second command should list empty if you removed all the global packages with npm rm -g.

You can always keep up to date your global packages with one simple command.

$ yarn global upgrade

On Linux

Please avoid to install Node.js with apt-get on Ubuntu. If you already installed Node.js with the built in package manager, please remove that. (sudo apt-get purge nodejs && sudo apt-get autoremove && sudo apt-get autoclean)

The installation process on Linux is the same as on OSX.

With the provided script:

$ curl -o- | bash

(Please read the instructions under OSX section.)

$ nvm list
$ nvm ls-remote
$ nvm install 14.4.1
$ nvm use 14.4.1
$ nvm alias default 14.4.1
$ node -v
$ npm install -g npm
$ npm -v

One more thing! Don’t forget to run the following command, which increases the amount of inotify watches.

$ echo fs.inotify.max_user_watches=524288 | sudo tee -a /etc/sysctl.conf && sudo sysctl -p

On Windows

On Windows, if you don’t need more version from Node.js, you can use the official installer.

Install also Git for Windows.

Additionally, don’t forget to read this instruction, which is very interesting not just for Ember developers, but for everybody who uses Node.js on Windows.

Plus install and run ember-cli-windows

$ npm install -g ember-cli-windows
$ ember-cli-windows

More here:

Always run your PowerShell or CMD.exe as Administrator.

Don’t forget to run these two commands in PowerShell (as Administrator):

$ Set-ExecutionPolicy Unrestricted -scope Process
$ ember-cli-windows

Log out and log back in Windows.

Try to upgrade npm and after install the latest ember-cli

$ npm install -g npm
$ npm install -g ember-cli

I would suggest, experiment with different shells. Which worked better for you? PowerShell, Git Shell, the original CMD.exe? Please, share your Windows experiment in a comment.

Now, you have Node.js on your machine, it’s time to go back to the Ember Tutorial